Menu
Home Page

Phonics

Phonics is the correspondence between spoken sound (phoneme) and the written letter (grapheme).  In our school, we use the Letters and Sounds government-recommended scheme as the basis for our teaching. In addition to this, we use a range of teaching and learning experiences when teaching phonics to ensure a multi-sensory approach. Children are taught phonic skills from the moment that they join our nursery or reception classes.

 

Further information about 'Letters and Sounds'

Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven.
There are six overlapping phases. The table below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for Practitioners and Teachers.

 

Phase

Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds,
instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice
sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each.
Blending sounds together to make words.
Segmenting words into their separate sounds.
Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each.
Graphemes such as ch, oo, the representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters.
Reading captions, sentences and questions.
On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase.
Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase Six

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.

 

Home Page
  • St. Mary's
  • Catholic Primary School
Attendance
  • Nursery 93.2%
  • Reception 96.3%
  • Year 1 96.9%
  • Year 2 96.4%
  • Year 3 96.3%
  • Year 4 96.7%
  • Year 5 96.3%
  • Year 6 96.8%
House Points
  • Saint Anne 5660
  • Saint Bernadette 4440
  • Saint Gabriel 5650
  • Saint Joseph 5920
Translate
Search
Top